Your fishing technique should vary depending on the particular species of fish that you are targeting. So for one group of species there are a few fishing methods preferred, which can also vary by season. However, you might that one particular technique is working best for you. So you can try several and find the one that gives bites. You can also the local fishing reports before you go out into the waters and get some insight on what is working best at that place and time.
Different fishes have their own behavior and your goal is to find the right technique for that behavior. For example, some fish feed on the bottom of the waters, while others only in shallow waters. Also, consider what the fish prefers, can be other fish, insects or just anything on the bottom. The next thing to consider is whether to use natural bite or artificial lure. For certain species one or the other can be better, while for others it doesn’t matter. But if you don’t have particular species to target, your best bet would be to use live bait.
Fishing technique names are usually based on the action of the bait or lire. Below you can get more insight on the techniques that can be used both in salt and freshwater.
Techniques For Live Bait
Live Lining and Trolling
This method is commonly used by new anglers that are just learning to fish. To perform this technique you need to drop the bait into the water and allow it to freely swim at the end of your line. If you are fishing from a boat, you can drop the bait and then pull or troll it behind the boat. To keep the bait down you can hook a weight on the line.
Drifting a Bait
This method is done from a slowly moving boat. You put a weight on your line and drop it into the water, leaving it to drift near the bottom. With the slow motion of the boat, it will also slowly pull the bait. Another option is to drift the bait under a popping cork or bobber.
Some fish are mostly found on the bottom, so to catch it you will need to have the bait down there as well. You will need to use a sinker or a weight on the line. Rig it bellow the hook to hold the bait down at the bottom. Try a 3-way rig, but if the current is strong you might need a heavier one. After dropping the bait, let it float along the boat and wait for it to get a bite. From time to time check that the hook still has the bait.
This method is also sometimes called chunking. It’s an additional method to other fishing techniques. It works by dropping into the water chum made of ground up bait. This creates a scent trail for the fish to follow to your baits. As chum you can either use creamed corn, ground fish, cat food or anything else that creates a fish-like scent.
Techniques for Artificial Lures
Cast and Retrieve
Cast and retrieve involves motions of tossing the lure out and then reeling it back. As for lure, you can choose whatever you like, be it swimbait, spinner or a crankbait. For this method you need to toss out the lure to your target and let it fall to the desired depth. Then reel the fish in, mimicking a swimming fish, for which you can also use varying speeds. After completion, wait for a couple of seconds and then cast the lure again.
Top Water Fishing
For this method you will need to use a floating lure with a variation of cast and retrieve. You cast the lure to get it to your desired location, then you reel it in to mimic a fish’s meal. You can choose different lures, such as poppers with a concave face to make a big splash when jerking the lure on the surface, or it can a lure that has a head shaking back and forth imitating a dying baitfish on the surface.
Jigging technique requires a lot of action. You cast or drop down the lure, wait till the spoon hits the bottom and then quickly pop your rod tip up a little. Drop the lure down again and reel down a bit in order to keep the light tight. Keep repeating. This method creates an imitation of an injured baitfish for the targeted fish to bite.
Trolling with Lures
Trolling with Lures is a good method while boating. You drag the lure a good way behind a slowly moving boat. The boat’s motion imparts the lure’s action. Depending on the lure you are using, the length of the let out line and type of the line, the speed of the trolling will vary.
This technique is also done from a drifting boat. Use a jig or bait to drag it along the bottom. As you drag, the lure bounces along the bottom and creates small clouds of mud and sand.
Whether you are fishing from a boat or from the shore, to aid you in catching more fish you can use a fish finder. More and more fishermen greatly rely on electronics in finding the quarry. It doesn’t matter what you fish for or what your fishing technique is, a fish finder is paramount to making your fishing experience more successful. To keep ahead of the game you should get the most out of technology. My favorite fish finder that I mostly use is the Garmin Echo 551dv. In my opinion it’s the best fish finder with the most helpful features. If you will have difficulties finding the best sounder for yourself, you can check the Fish Finder Guy, where they have reviews of the top products on the market.
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